Advances in Astronomy and Astrophysics, Volume 3 is a collection of papers that describes the elements found in the solar atmosphere, Fourier transforms, internal structure of the stars, and apsidal motions. Two papers discuss the spectral analysis of solar flares and a survey of modern cosmology. One paper discusses the solar abundance of particular elements such as iron, sodium, potassium, zinc, gallium, strontium. The loss of heavier elements from the upper layers of the solar atmosphere depends on the atomic number: the heavier the atom the greater the amount of depletion. Another paper describes a method to determine the elements of an eclipsing binary system by defining the characteristic functions of the eclipse derived from some integral transforms of the ascending and descending parts in minima of the light curve. One paper compares the general physical theory of self-gravitating gas spheres and of thermonuclear processes with certain phenomena present in close binary systems. One paper notes that the estimates of electron density made by various methods at different flares (solar) and the resulting optical thickness of flares yield values within a wide range. The differences observed in optical thickness are due to various presuppositions on the broadening mechanism of the Balmer lines. The collection is suitable for astronomers, geochemists, astro-physicists, and scientists whose works involve cosmology.